Venezuela, 6 de Marzo de 2015

Año 2011, Volumen 61 - Número 4
Año 2011, Volumen 61
Número 4

SLAN - Capítulo Venezolano

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SLAN - Chile

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Trabajos de Investigación
Características organolépticas y físico-químicas de propóleos de la Provincia de Ñuble, VIII Región-Chile

Hernández S. M.1, Lazo S. C.1, Junod M. J.2, Arancibia M. J.2, Flores S. R.2, Valencia A. E.3 y Valenzuela V. E3
1.- Universidad del Bío-Bío, Facultad de Ciencias, Dpto. Ciencias Básicas, Chillán-Chile.

2.- Universidad del Bío-Bío, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud y de los Alimentos, Dpto. Ingeniería Alimentos, Chillán-Chile.

3.- Universidad de los Lagos, Dpto. Ciencias y Tecnologías de los Alimentos, Osorno-Chile.

*Dra. Margarita Hernández Silva, Dpto. Ciencias Básicas- Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad del Bio-Bio, Avda. Andrés Bello S/N(Casilla 447) Chillán-Chile
Fax: (56 42)253046 Correo electrónico:

Characteristiques organoleptic and physicochemical propolis in the Province Ñuble, VIII Region-Chile

Propolis ("bee-glue") is a gummy resinous substance elaborated by honey bees (Apis mellifera) from different types of plant resins. The chemical composition of propolis is very complex and variable as it depends on the botanical source and the environmental conditions prevailing at the location where the resin is collected by bees.

The objetive of this study was to determine the propolis organoleptic and physicochemical properties of different types in the Province of Ñuble Province (VIII Región, Chile). Samples were collected at different sites located in the Central Valley, ranging from the coast to the mountain skirts. Analyses included humidity, ashes, wax content, total phenolics content, total flavonoids, mechanical impurities, oxidation time, and solubility in ethanol. Results showed that propolis extracts from coastal sites are better quality than those collected at mountain skirts, and these in turn are better than propolis obtained from the Central Valley.

All propolis analyzed in this study can be classified according to the Brazilian norm as high flavonoid content. The same homogeneity is observed in the amounts of total phenolics found in the samples.
In general terms, properties of the propolis samples analyzed fulfill the quality requirements of the current international standards.

Key words: Chile, propolis, physicochemical properties, organoleptic, flavonoid.

Recibido: 27/01/2005
Aceptado: 15/11/2005

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ALAN-VE ISSN 0004-0622 - Depósito Legal: pp 199602DF83
Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición
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