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Año 2011, Volumen 61
Número 4


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HOME > EDICIONES > Año 2007, Volumen 57 - Número 3

Trabajos de Investigación
Estado nutricional en niños preescolares que asisten a un jardín de infancia público en Valencia, Venezuela

Sara Irene del Real, Armando Sánchez Jaeger, María Adela Barón, Nayka Díaz, Liseti Solano, Emma Velásquez, Jesús López
Centro de Investigaciones en Nutrición “Dr. Eleazar Lara Pantin”, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud,
Universidad de Carabobo

SUMMARY
Nutritional status in preschoolers attending a public day-care center in Valencia, Venezuela

With the purpose of evaluating nutritional status in a group of preschoolers attending a public day care center in Valencia, Venezuela (2002), a research was made for social stratus, anthropometric variables; weight, height and arm circumference, hemoglobin, seric retinol, presence of parasitosis and food consumption, as well as the mother’s educational level. The program SPSS 11.0 and the t Student, ANOVA Post Hoc from Bonferroni and Fisher (p<0,05) were used. A predominance of the female sex was presented (52%). According to the social stratus, 23.3% was located in the middleclass, and 76.8% on some level of poverty. 60% of the middleclass mothers had finished their high school education, while only 9.8% of the mothers in poverty had reached that level. According to the Z values (H/A, W/H and AC/H), high percentages under -1.00 were observed (27.3%, 25.6% and 24.5%, respectively). The W/H and AC/H of children of mothers studying in a university presented discrepancies when compared with children of mothers with a primary educational level. A 25.9% of anemia was presented, and there were differences between anemic and non-anemic groups for H/A and AC/H. Protozoaries were observed in 61.0%, helmintos in 16.9% and both in 22.1%. There was a 2.6 times higher risk of presenting nutritional deficiency for AC/H in the group found with parasites. An adequate consumption of energy and iron was found, with an excessive consumption of proteins and vitamin A. It is concluded that there exists a nutritional risk evaluated through hematologic parameters, the presence of parasitosis and social stratus.

Key words: Anthropometry, anemia and Venezuelan preschoolers.



Recibido: 29/03/2007
Aceptado: 17/09/2007



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ALAN-VE ISSN 0004-0622 - Depósito Legal: pp 199602DF83
Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición
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