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Año 2011, Volumen 61 - Número 4
Año 2011, Volumen 61
Número 4


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HOME > EDICIONES > Año 2007, Volumen 57 - Número 4

Trabajos de Investigación
Hábitos alimentarios y experiencia de caries en adultos jóvenes en Rosario, Argentina

Kohli A, Poletto L. y Pezzotto SM
Cátedra de Histología y Embriología Facultad de Odontología, Consejo de Investigaciones,
Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Argentina


SUMMARY
Food habits and caries experience in young adults from Rosario, Argentina.

Odontological assistance in Rosary City is offered in private and public services. The public ones lack programs to avoid dental loss in adults. Our aim was to describe the caries experience and dietetic habits in three sub-populations of young adults. Applying a standardized anamnesis, 517 patients, both sexes, 15-45 years old, attending to a private service (19%) and two public ones (81%), were investigated. Studied variables: oral health, lacteal and sweet food consumed, and instruction level. Student t-test, ANOVA and chi-square tests were applied. Average decayed teeth were 1,7±2,0 in the private service, and 4,1±2,8 in the public ones (p<0.0001); missing teeth were 5,4±5,2 and 6,8±5,4 (p=0.04); and filled teeth were 4,4±4,2 and 1,3±2,2, respectively (p<0.0001). Dairy foods daily consumption was higher in the private service (p<0.001). Patients in the public services expressed to replace milk by mate, and to relate its consumption with pregnancy and lactation, or to leave it for children. Sweets delicacies consumed in the private sector -considered of risk- were sweet breads, cakes, cookies and sweets, and in the public ones were soft candies, «alfajores» and sweet made with milk. Minor risk sweets consumption in private patients were ice creams, sodas and chocolates, and in the public ones, hard candies and chewing gums, with and without sugar. Although a high number of patients consume delicacies and sweet foods at any hour, private patients were a minority; and they were a majority when considering its ingestion only after a food.

Key words: Epidemiology, nutritional habits, oral health, socioeconomic and educational levels.




Recibido: 31/05/2007
Aceptado: 11/10/2007



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