Venezuela, 28 de Julio de 2014

Año 2011, Volumen 61 - Número 4
Año 2011, Volumen 61
Número 4


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HOME > EDICIONES > Año 2008, Volumen 58 - Número 4

Trabajos de Investigación
Factores de riesgo de retraso en el crecimiento linear en niños de 12 a 120 meses de edad en Arandas, Jalisco, México

Edgar M. Vásquez Garibay, Miguel Ángel Ortiz Ortega, Enrique Romero Velarde, Francisco Nápoles Rodríguez
Instituto de Nutrición Humana, Departamento de Reproducción Humana, Crecimiento y Desarrollo Infantil, CUCS, Universidad de Guadalajara. Jalisco, México

SUMMARY
Risk factors associated to growth retardation in children 12 to 120 months of age in Arandas, Jalisco, México

The purpose was to identify risk factors associated to deficit on linear growth in children from a semi-rural population in Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico. In a cross sectional study 432 children, 12 to 120 months old were included. Social, demographic, economical, dietetic and pathological characteristics and deficit in the height /age index (< - 1 and – 2 z score) were considered. A chi square test and Odds Ratio (CI 95%) to identify the risk and protection factors were also obtained. Risk factors for height/age deficit were: > 3 children in the family [OR 1.71 (1.01, 2.87)], soft drinks consumption > 4 times a week [OR 2.36 (1.19-4.73)], family’s monthly income < 200 USA dollars [OR 3.5 (1.28, 9.76)] and per capita food expenses < 10% of a minimum salary (100 USA dollars a month) [OR 1.81 (1.06, 3.09)]; age < 24 months [OR 2.02 (1.09, 3.75)], adding sweeteners to the bottle [OR 8.56 (1.84, 54.9)], diet modification during diarrhea [OR 2.40 (1.02, 5.77)], milk intake < 4 times a week [OR 2.71 (1.55, 4.73)] and nearly significant, bean consumption [1.75 (0.98, 3.13). Protection factors: nuclear family [OR 0.28 (0.09, 0.85)] and an adequate infant formula dilution [OR 0.71 (0.60, 0.85)]. In multivariate models associated factors to deficit of height were higher consumption of soft drinks, beans and the addition of sweeteners to the bottle. In addition to socioeconomic variables, lower consumption of high quality food and proteins and higher intake of legumes were important risk factors for mild and moderate deficit height/age.

Key words: Risk and protection factors, growth retardation, children.



Recibido: 02/09/2008
Aceptado: 07/11/2008



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