Venezuela, 20 de Octubre de 2014

Año 2011, Volumen 61 - Número 4
Año 2011, Volumen 61
Número 4


SLAN - Capítulo Venezolano

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HOME > EDICIONES > Año 2009, Volumen 59 - Número 2

Trabajos de Investigación
Prevención de obesidad en preescolares y escolares de escuelas Municipales de una Comuna de Santiago de Chile: proyecto piloto 2006

Juliana Kain, Fernando Concha, Gabriela Salazar, Bárbara Leyton, María del Pilar Rodríguez, Ximena Ceballos, Fernando Vio
Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnología de Alimentos, Universidad de Chile. Santiago de Chile

SUMMARY
Obesity prevention in preschool and schoolchildren attending public schools from a district of Santiago, Chile: pilot project 2006

Childhood obesity in Chile has been recognized as a public health problem. In 2006, we developed a school-based obesity prevention pilot project to intervene during 5 months preschool and schoolchildren from 1st to 4th grades attending 7 public schools located in a district of Santiago, Chile of medium-low and low SES. The objective of this project was to evaluate the feasibility of implementing a longer intervention giving recommendations to the educational authorities to better implement it. We trained teachers to apply educational activities ( in nutrition and physical activity) for the children in the 7 schools, but additionally in 4 of these schools, teachers of those grades participated in a Counselling program on healthy lifestyle applied individually, anthropometric evaluation and blood tests. The initiatives were evaluated on a sample of 522 schoolchildren (nutritional status and physical fitness), 38 teachers with Counselling (BMI, waist circumference or WC, blood sugar, HDL, triglycerides, cholesterol) and 19 teachers with no Counselling (BMI and WC). Additionally, we evaluated the quality of PE classes. The results on the children show a trend on only the younger ones to decrease the % obesity, improving significantly their physical fitness. In teachers with Counselling, a trend toward decreasing BMI and WC was observed, while biochemical parameters remained unchanged. We showed that it is feasible to implement a longer intervention recommending improving the quality of PE classes and allowing more time to train teachers and for individual Counselling.

Key words: Childhood obesity, prevention, physical fitness, Chile.



Recibido: 18/09/2008
Aceptado: 03/03/2009



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