1University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, United States, 2Rutgers State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, United States, 3Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Brazil, 4University of Rhode Island, Kingston, US
Objective. Therefore, this study assessed Brazilian immigrant parents’ perception of the importance of EBRBs and sources used to obtain information to support the healthful EBRBs of their preschool-age children.
Methods. Community-based cross-sectional survey.
Results. Fifty-two immigrant parents, most classified as having low acculturation levels participated. Approximately 41% and 28% of mothers and fathers, self-reported being overweight. Parents perceived reducing consumption of unhealthy foods (51.8%), reducing sugar-sweetened beverage intake (38.5%), and limiting screen time (34.5%) as being the most important EBRBs. Parents also reported that pediatricians (98.1%), nurses (76.9%), and WIC professionals (64.5%) were the main sources used for EBRBs information, followed by family members (50%), other parents (44.2%), and internet (38.5%).
Conclusions. Given that only about 50-20% of parents perceived healthful EBRBs as important and that pediatric healthcare providers were the main sources of information suggests that these professionals are well-positioned to raise awareness, facilitate communication, provide increased education and guidance about the importance of early EBRBs in the prevention of childhood obesity. Moreover, future mobile health interventions designed to meet the needs of Brazilian immigrant parents should consider the involvement and endorsement of pediatric healthcare providers.
Keywords: energy balance-related behaviors, parents, Brazilian, immigrant, preschool, obesity.