1 MNH-FCN. Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Querétaro, México; 2 Recorrido por la Salud-Velago, México D.F.
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a public health problem that increases each year worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess changes in the prevalence of MS during 2010-2013, in both Mexican men and women from rural and urban. A total of 120,410 people in an age range of 20-95 years were evaluated but only results from118.255 that had complete data are presented. Weight, height, waist and blood pressure were measured. A fasting blood sample was collected to determine the concentration of glucose, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL and triglycerides. ATPIII criteria for the classification of MS were used. Waist circumference, triglycerides and HDL were the most prevalent risk factors among the participants. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome from 2010 and 2013 ranged from 25.6 to 44%. Higher prevalence of MS in men compared to women with a difference of about 13% was found. Mexican adults >65 years presented prevalences from 32 to 52%, while Mexican adults <65 years ranged from 13 to 42%. Those living in rural area had a lower prevalence of MS compared to those living in urban areas of more than 10%. A tendency to decrease MS prevalence was observed only in women between 2012 and 2013. It is necessary to implement health programs in Mexican population targeted strategically to prevent MS and thus the onset of chronic no-transmissible diseases.