Comunicaciones orales


Sra. Thaís Cristina Marquezine Caldeira1, Sra. Izabella Paula Araújo Veiga1, Dra. Taciana Maia de Sousa1, Sra. Marcela Mello Soares1, Dra. Luiza Eunice Sá da Silva1, Dr. Rafael Moreira Claro1

1Universidade Federal De Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Background: Regular consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) contributes to health promotion and acts as a protective factor against several diseases. The need to understand the evolution of F&V consumption in Brazil is due to several current factors that may interfere with its consumption, such as economic factors, supply crisis and changes in the population’s eating habits. Objective: It was to analyze the temporal trend of F&V consumption in the adult population (≥ 18 years) of the 26 Brazilian capitals and the Federal District between 2008-2021 and in the most recent period between 2015-2021. Methods: We used data from the Surveillance System of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel) (n=675,859). Regular (≥5 days/week) and recommended (≥5 servings/day on ≥5 days/week) consumption of FV were estimated for the total population and for sociodemographic groups in the complete (2008-2021), initial (2008 -2014) and recent (2015-2021) period. Prais-Winsten regression models were used for temporal trend analysis. Results: Regular and recommended consumption indicators showed stability between 2008-2021. Between 2008-2014, regular consumption increased for the total population (0.71pp/ year) and for all sociodemographic groups, except among those aged 25-34 years and recommended consumption increased, mainly among women (0.90pp/year), adults aged 55-64 years (0.96pp/year) and those with higher schooling (0.77pp/year). However, for 2015-2021, there was a reduction in regular consumption in the total population (-0.56pp/ year), mainly among men (-0.70pp/year), adults aged 25-34 years (-0.84pp/year year) and with more education (-0.96pp/ year) and similarly for recommended consumption which decreased for the total population (-0.52pp/year) and in all sociodemographic groups, except among those aged 65 years or older. Conclusions: We observed stability in the prevalence of regular and recommended consumption of fruits and vegetables between 2008-2021 and an intense reduction in consumption between 2015-2021.

Keywords: food consumption, non-communicable diseases, public health.