1Universidade De São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, 2Núcleo de Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Nutrição e Saúde da Universidade de São Paulo (NUPENS/USP), São Paulo, Brazil, 3Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas em Alimentação da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (NEPA/Unicamp), Campinas, Brazil
Background and objective. This study aimed to investigate coverage data of Brazilian Food and Nutrition Surveillance System (SISVAN) from patients being monitored by the National Health Service (SUS), focusing on Campinas. This investigation could support an intervention study “Feasibility and effectiveness study of protocols for the Dietary Guidelines for Brazilian Population use: a pragmatic trial in the context of primary health care in the SUS” with Campinas as pilot of the in-person modality of the course designed to consolidate the use of protocols for the Dietary Guidelines for Brazilian Population. Methods. This study was conducted using the most recent “food consumption” coverage data (2022) of SISVAN. The sample consisted of the population assisted by SUS, comparing the average coverage of Campinas and its metropolitan region with the national coverage and the coverage of the other 15 metropolises in the country. Results. The national average coverage corresponded to 2% of the population, the most reached population was children under 2 years (6%). Among the metropolises, the best performance was Manaus and Belo Horizonte, which obtained an average of 3% and 1% respectively for the general population (with emphasis on and 12 % coverage of the population aged 2 to 4 years in Manaus and 10% coverage of the population under 2 years in Belo Horizonte). With regard to Campinas and its metropolitan region, the municipality had a lower follow-up than the other studied cities, in which no estimate exceeds 0%. In the metropolitan region, the most prominent cities were Cosmópolis and Itatiba (with 3% and 1% coverage for the total population). Conclusions. The lag in SISVAN’s food consumption coverage was below the recommended by the Brazilian Ministry of Health throughout the whole country, even in view of public policy efforts committed in this direction. Addressing this issue is crucial to ensure the development of effective policies to promote healthy eating habits, including the improvement of the capability of the protocols for the Dietary Guidelines for Brazilian Population use, which has the potential to lead to better health outcomes for the population.
Keywords: food and nutrition surveillance, food consumption, public health and nutrition.