1Puc - Campinas, Campinas, Brazil, 2Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, 3Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas em Alimentação da Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Background and Objective. The Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population (DGBP) presents recommendations for families to achieve an adequate and healthy diet. The aim of this study was to identify adherence to the DGBP principles for parents of schoolchildren in Campinas, a metropolis in Brazil. Methods. In 2022, a diagnosis prior to an intervention invited parents of all children, 2-6 y.o. (N = 228), enrolled in kindergarten of four schools in Campinas -allocating them as follows: those from northwest region in the intervention group (IG) and from southwest region in the control group (CG). A person responsible for the child who lived in the same household, was asked to respond to the validated questionnaire “How has your diet been?”. Those who reached a score > 41 were classified on “Adequate diet”. Averages and comparison between groups using the chi-square test was conducted in Stata. Ethical issues were addressed (CAE 29584520.4.0000.5404; Process CNPQ 443256/2020-9). Results. Data from 111 mothers, 12 fathers and 6 other relatives (all women) was obtained, in which 75% were from the intervention group. Questionnaires reached 39 points on average (IC95% 37-40), showing an intermediary profile of diet. Considering ‘Adequate diet’ status, 40% of IG obtained it and 58% of the CG (p = 0.055). In general, there were no differences by gender or parenthood with the child, except for the perception of domestic tasks which women often point out that there is no division of cooking chores in their homes (for answers never and rarely the result was 19% and 38% respectively for women against 0% and 0% for men - p =0.023). Conclusion. The baseline was suitable to proceed with intervention since IG and CG diet were comparable. Differences among women versus men on cooking chores division points to a scenario characterized by the perpetuation of patriarchy. This issue is addressed in the DGBP, the instrument chosen for the following intervention.
Keywords: food consumption, nutrition programs and policies, food guide.