1University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, 2Campinas State University, Campinas, Brazil, 3Federal University of Rio De Janeiro, Macaé, Brazil, 4Campinas State University, Campinas, Brazil
Background and objective: Childhood obesity is a chronic condition with a complex and multifactorial cause, associated with several comorbidities and consequent harm to health, including biopsychosocial harm. Intersectoral actions to prevent childhood obesity correspond to the scope of commitments signed within the scope of government public policies and aim to affect this aspect of public health directly or indirectly. In view of this, the objective of this study was to develop and validate an educational intervention protocol for the project “Intersectoral actions to prevent childhood obesity: a municipal community intervention” carried out in Campinas-SP. Methods: this was a methodological study, developed in six steps: literature review; exploration of reference material; adaptation to the application context; listening workshop with specialists in childhood obesity; pilot test and, finally, content validation with specialists in nutrition education and childhood obesity. Content validation analyzes were performed by calculating the content validity index (CVI) and data from a form with open questions. Results: the protocol development steps resulted in the “Manual for the intersectoral prevention of childhood obesity based on the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian population”. Validation with experts showed good acceptability of the proposed protocol, with satisfactory scores of clarity and pertinence criteria demonstrated by the average CVI above 0.8 and comments that praised and improved the material. Conclusions: The methodological stages of development and the contributions of specialists in the evaluation of the material contributed to build a qualified and useful tool for the processes of health education for the prevention of childhood obesity in the intersectoral scope in the city of Campinas-SP. It should also be noted that this proposal has potential and reproducibility nationwide.
Keywords: childhood obesity, dietary guideline, Intersectoral collaboration, validation study.